Pathological Existence and Freedom of Technology. The Drama of Freedom in Günther Anders’ Writings

Variant title

Esistenza patologica e libertà della tecnica. Il dramma della libertà in Günther Anders


In this paper I try to show the relationship between the concept of freedom and the concept of technique as developed by Günther Anders. I will argue that in Anders’ writings there is a specific conception of freedom. The underlying idea is that freedom represents a sort of pathology. Humans live as strangers in the world, lacking in an a priori endowment that, for this very reason, they have to realize. Man acts as a producer of useful objects for his own survival, and in this sense, there is a freedom to use technical capacity. Man is free to use technology to live in the world and without technology man couldn’t survive. Thus, with his own hands man manipulates the world, the production of which is led by a series of steps from a lack to technology, from abstraction to realization. The use of technology, however, according to Anders, is dramatic because there is no freedom, except to be free to use technology.

Article history

Received 10 May 2023. Revised 08 July 2023. Accepted 13 July 2023. Published online 31 July 2023




Italian (it)


Federico MonaroUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha


Orbis Idearum Volume 11, Issue 1 (2023), 115-130
Regular Issue