The Idea of Socialism in George Orwell's Political Philosophy
The author examines the idea of socialism elaborated by George Orwell. The British writer has gone down in history as the flogger of ‘real socialism’. Less has been written about Orwell as a supporter of an ‘ideal socialism’. When this aspect is emphasized, the critics mainly underline that he defended a libertarian and democratic form of socialism. This article provides evidence that Orwell was also a supporter of ‘patriotic socialism’. He did not preach the disappearance of the Nation-State, and he rejected international socialism as an unrealistic utopia. His political philosophy was not only anti-authoritarian, but also immune to the sirens of globalism and solidly based on the idea of national community.
Riccardo CampaJagiellonian University in Krakow