Utopian Thinking: 
A Discourse on the Culture of Leszek Kołakowski and Zygmunt Bauman 


The main thesis of this article is that the utopian thinking of Bauman and Kołakowski represents a natural “hermeneutic orientation” for human beings. This, in turn, means that the human race almost instinctively attempts to discover the sense of each and every thing which it comes to experience. The concepts of culture found in Bauman and Kołakowski are anchored in the hermeneutic worldview – a perspective which assumes that there is a sense and meaning existing beyond human intentions. What connects these two Polish philosophers in their ponderings on European culture is a nonorthodox model of structuralism rooted in the works of Claude Lévi-Strauss.
Received 22 November 2019, Revised 28 December 2019 Accepted 31 December 2019, Available online 7 January 2020




English (en)


Maria FlisInstitute of Sociology, Jagiellonian University


Orbis Idearum Volume 7, Issue 2 (2019), 27-40
Orbis Idearum